On December 7, 2012 as spot Clarin says, nothing would happen, however, with other eyes see what is behind the mask of the ruling power in Argentina, have in mind that is what "means "this date.
To begin with saying that a December 7, 1927 he founded the city of "El Calafate", the minirepùblica Kichnerista.
It is a minor detail, as this reveals some little known aspect of what Nestor Kirchner took over his life in Santa Cruz, linked to Freemasonry.
I recommend you watch the videos you will place along the article because everyone is very descriptive of what they want to show.
De 'Protocols of the Elders of Zion'
CONTROL OF THE PRESS
Masonic "freedom" - Control of printing and publishing - Vishnu, idol of the Press
1. The word "freedom", which can be interpreted in various ways, is defined by us as follows - 2. Freedom is the right to do what the law allows. This interpretation of the word at the right
time to serve us, because all freedom will thus be in our hands, since the laws will abolish or create only that which is desirable for us according to the aforesaid program. 3. Let's deal with
the press in the following way: what is the role of the press today? It serves to excite and inflame those passions which are needed for our purpose or else it serves selfish ends of parties.
It is often vapid, unjust, liar, and most people do not have the slightest idea what ends the press really serves. We saddle and bridle with a tight curb: we shall do the same with all
productions of the printing press, for where would be the sense of getting rid of the attacks of the press if we remain targets for pamphlets and books?
The product of advertising, which today is a source of great expense due to the need to censor it, will be delivered by us in a very lucrative source of income for our state: agree that a law
of special stamp duty and require deposits of caution-money before permitting the establishment of any organ of the press or of printing, which will have to guarantee our government against any
kind of attack from the press. For any attempt to attack us, if still possible, we will impose fines without mercy. Such measures as stamp tax, deposit of caution-money and fines secured by
these deposits, will bring great revenue to the government.
It is true that party organs can not spare money for the sake of publicity, but these we shall shut up at the second attack upon us. No one can with impunity lay a finger on the aureole of our
government infallibility. The pretext for stopping any publication will be the alleged plea that it is agitating the public mind without occasion or justification. I beg you to note that among
those making attacks upon us will also be organs established by us, but they will attack exclusively points that we have to alter default.
WHY CONTROL THE PRESS
4. Not a single announcement will reach the public without our control. Even now this is already being attained by us and all items are received by a few agencies, in whose offices focus on all
parts of the world. These agencies will then be already entirely ours and will give publicity only to what we dictate to them. 5. If already now we have contrived to possess ourselves of the
minds of the goy communities to such an extent that they all come close, looking at world events through the stained glass of the spectacles that we have set astride his noses, and if already
now there is not a single State where there exist for us the barriers to entry into what goy stupidity calls State secrets: what will our position be then, when acknowledged supreme lords of
the world in the person of our king of all the world ... 6. Let us go back to the future of printing. Every one desirous of being a publisher, librarian, or printer, will be obliged to provide
the means with the diploma instituted therefore, which, in case of any fault, will be immediately confiscated.
With these measures the instrument of thought will become a medium of education in the hands of our government, which will no longer allow the mass of the nation to be deflected in by-ways and
fantasies about the blessings of progress. Is there anyone among us who does not know that these phantom blessings are the direct roads to foolish fantasies, which give birth to anarchical
relations of men among themselves and towards authority, because progress, or rather the idea of progress, has introduced the concept of every kind of emancipation, but has failed to
establish its limits ....
All so-called liberals are anarchists, if not in fact, if anything, in thought. Each of them is hunting after phantoms of freedom, and falling exclusively within licenses, ie, in the anarchy of
protest for the sake of protest ....
FREE PRESS DESTROYED
7. We turn to the periodical press. We will impose on it, as on all printed matter, stamp taxes per sheet and deposits of caution-money, and books of less than 30 sheets will pay double. The
brochures we considered in order, first, to reduce the number of magazines, which are the worst form of printed poison, and, on the other, in order that this measure may force writers into such
lengthy productions that little read, especially as it will be costly.
At the same time, which we will publish ourselves to influence mental development in the direction laid down for our profit will be cheap and will be read voraciously. The tax will bring vapid
literary ambitions within the limits of liability and penalties will make literary men dependent upon us. And if any found who are desirous of writing against us, will not find any person eager
to print their productions.
Before accepting any production for publication the publisher or printer will have to apply to the authorities for permission to do so. So we know beforehand of all tricks preparing against us
and nullify them by getting ahead with explanations on the subject treated of. 8. Literature and journalism are two of the most important educational forces, and therefore our government will
become proprietor of the majority of the journals. This will neutralize the injurious influence of the privately-owned press and will put us in possession of a tremendous influence on public
opinion .... If we give permits for ten journals, we found ourselves and a half, and so on in the same proportion.
This, however, should in no way be suspected by the public. For which reason all journals published by us will be of the most opposite, in appearance, tendencies and opinions, thereby creating
confidence in us and bringing us very suspicious opponents, so it will fall into the trap and rendered harmless. 9. In the first row will remain official bodies. They will always stand guard
over our interests, so their influence will be comparatively insignificant. 10. In the second row are semi-official organs, whose part it will be to attack the tepid and indifferent. 11. In the
third row we will create our own, apparently, out of position, which, in at least one of its organs, will present what looks like the same antipothesis for us. Our real opponents shall accept
this simulated opposition as their own and will show us their cards. 12. All our newspapers will be of all possible complexions - aristocratic, republican, revolutionary, even anarchical - for
ever, of course, as the constitution exists .... Like the Indian idol "Vishnu" they will have a hundred hands, and every one of them will have a finger on any of the public opinions as
required. When a pulse accelerates these hands will lead opinion in the direction of our aims, for an excited patient loses all power of judgment and easily yields to suggestion.
Those fools who think they are repeating the opinion of a newspaper of their own camp will be repeating our opinion or any opinion that seems desirable for us. In the vain belief that they are
following the organ of their party, in fact, follow the flag hanging out for them. 13. In order to direct our newspaper militia in this sense we must take special and minute care in organizing
this matter. Under the title of central department of the press to be established literary gatherings at which our agents, without attracting attention issue the orders and watchwords of the
By discussing and controverting, but always superficially, without touching the bottom of the matter, our organs will mock fight in a shootout with the official newspapers solely for the
purpose of giving occasion for us to express ourselves more fully than could well be done from the outset in official announcements, whenever, of course, which is an advantage for us. 14. These
attacks we also serve another purpose, namely, that subjects became convinced of the existence of freedom of speech and so give our agents an occasion to affirm that all organs which oppose us
are empty babblers, since who are unable to find substantial objections to our orders.
PRINTED LIES ONLY
15. Methods of organization like these, imperceptible to the public eye but absolutely sure, are the best calculated to succeed in bringing the attention and trust of the public by our
government. With these methods, we will be in a position as from time to time may be required, to excite or reassure the public about political issues, to persuade or to confuse, printing now
truth, now lies, facts or their contradictions, according as they may be well or ill received, always very cautiously feeling our ground before getting into it ....
We shall have a sure triumph over our opponents, and they will not have at their disposal the press organs in which they can give full and final expression to their views, because of the
aforementioned methods of dealing with the press. Do not even need to refute them except very superficially. 16. Test Shots like these, fired by us in the third rank of our press, in case of
need, will be energetically refuted by us in our semi-official organs. 17. Even nowadays, already, to take only the French press, there are forms which reveal masonic solidarity in acting on
the watchword: all organs of the press are bound by professional secrecy, like the augurs of old, not one their numbers give the secret of his sources of information unless it be resolved to
make the announcement thereof. Not one journalist will venture to betray this secret, as none of them is ever admitted to practice literature unless his whole past has some disgraceful sore or
other .... These sores are revealed immediately. As long as they remain the secret of a few the prestige of the journalist attacks the majority of the country - the mob follow after him with
enthusiasm. 18. Our calculations are especially extended to the provinces. It is indispensable for us to inflame there those hopes and impulses with which they could fall at any time on
capital, and we shall represent to the capitals that these expressions are the independent hopes and impulses of the provinces. Naturally, the source of them will be always one and the same -
We require that, until such time that we are in the fullness of power, the capitals should be stifled by the provincial opinion of the nations, that is, the majority arranged by our agentur.
What we need is that at the psychological moment the capitals should not be in a position to discuss an accomplished fact for the simple reason, if for no other, it has been accepted by public
opinion in most provinces. 19. When we are in the era of the new regime, before the transition to the Assumption of full sovereignty we must not admit any revelations by the press of any form
of public dishonesty, it is necessary that the new regime should be thought to have any the world so perfectly happy that even criminality has disappeared ... Cases of the manifestation of
criminality should remain known only to their victims and witnesses casual - no more.
And that has to do with Zionism Kirchner? I remember the next article in this blog
Baphomet (also Baphomet, Bafumet, Baphomet or Baffometo) course idol or deity whose worship is attributed to the Knights of the Order of the Temple. His name first appeared when the Templars were
tried for heresy. In the process many of the knights of the order were tortured and confessed numerous heretical acts. These included the worship of an idol of that name.
Moreover, from 1854, with the appearance of Dogma and Ritual of High Magic, designed by famous French occultist Eliphas Levi, the figure of Baphomet has been largely misrepresented. Since then,
their relationship with the goat of the witches, as well as other lesser demons Satan has been inevitable.
The sect of Bushen Yale's Skull & Bones (American Masons) has as its patron Baphomet. The Church of Satan has to Baphomet along with the staff (or inverted pentagram) as its main symbol.
I remember my article about the reign of the mask that says Parravicini:
Benjamin Solari Parravicini and the Reign of the Mask
Everything obeys the New World Order Plans
The theory of agenda setting posits that the mass media have a great influence on the public to identify newsworthy stories have and how much space and importance are given. The central point
of this theory is the ability of the media to grade the importance of information to be disseminated, giving an order of priority for further hearing, greater impact and a certain awareness of
Similarly, decide what to exclude from the agenda topics.
More clearly, the theory of "agenda setting" says the media agenda, shaped by the news media that broadcast daily and conferring greater or lesser relevance, influence the public agenda.
That is, the issues that are relevant for the media become important issues for the public.
The theory of agenda-setting is the experimental result of a thesis, as a metaphor, Cohen raised: the media (news) can not hit to tell us how to think about a particular issue, but when they
tell us what to think.
Agenda Setting Theory
Agenda-setting forms a theory that emerged in the late sixties and has become the leading theory for the explanation of the influence of the media on the formation of public opinion.
The literal translation into Castilian of barbarism which gives its name to the aforementioned theory "agenda-setting" would "agenda setting" or "agenda setting".
There are two levels within the agenda setting, corresponding to two well-developed research stages.
The first level focuses on the themes: his hypothesis is that the media tell us what to think
The second level investigates aspects or attributes which emphasize the journalists to report the facts: his hypothesis is that the media tell us what to think
The main outlines of this influence were outlined by Walter Lippmann in his classic 1922 book, Public Opinion, beginning with a chapter entitled "The World Outside and the Pictures in Our
Heads" [The world outside and the pictures in our minds].
As Lippmann noted there, the media are a key source of images that exist in our minds about the world of public affairs, a world that for most citizens is "out of reach, out of sight, out of
the mind. "
What we know of the world is largely based on what the media choose to tell us. More specifically, the result of this vision of the world is mediated outstanding elements of the media agenda
become salient in the public mind.
The final approach to this issue, pertaining to social research, are two Americans: Maxwell McCombs and Donald Shaw, who in 1972 published the paper entitled "The Agenda-Setting Function of
Mass-Media" in the journal Public Opinion Quarterly.
The first level of agenda setting
The hypothesis of the agenda setting argues that people tend to include or exclude from their own knowledge what the media included or excluded from their own content.
The audience also tends to assign an importance which includes reflecting the emphasis given by the media to events, problems, people
(SHAW, 1979, 96)
The fundamental premise of the agenda-setting is that understanding that people have much of social reality is modified by means
(SHAW, 1979, 96, 101)
In the same way that production routines and news values are constant in your application and professional institutional framework in which it is perceived newsworthiness of events, the
constant highlighting of some topics, issues and problems as an interpretive framework, a scheme knowledge, a frame, which applies (more or less consciously) to make sense of what we observe.
In other words,
"Media provide more than a certain number of news. They also provide the categories in which recipients can easily put significantly '
(Shaw, 1979, 103)
Finally, the hypothesis indicates the divergence between the amount of information, knowledge, interpretations of social reality and the media learned from the experiences of "first hand"
personally and directly experienced by individuals.
There are large "packages" of reality that individuals do not experience directly and interactively defined level of everyday life, but "live" based solely or through symbolic mediation of mass
(GROSSI 1983, 225)
By emphasizing this growing dependence on cognitive media, the hypothesis of agenda setting posits a direct impact - but not immediately - on the recipients, which is evident in three aspects:
the establishment of important public issues through the agenda of the journalist and the media itself.
This media influence is found in the fact that citizens come to make personal judgments about what is important in public, as a result of the greater or lesser presence of certain issues and
personalities in the media.
Or "only seems real that is legitimized by the media, the rest of reality is not" (4)
the hierarchy of importance and priority in which these elements are arranged in the "agenda":
"The way of ranking events or important public issues, by a subject, is similar to the value that the average operate the same problems, but only if the media agenda is valued over a long
period of time, as a cumulative effect »
(Shaw, 1979, 102)
The third form of influence or impact of media, requires a previous explanation: a journalistic writing a great medium can reach thousand news in 24 hours. A newspaper can only absorb between
150 and 200 news, radio and TV stations are still able to take less amount of information (2). Of these, only a small percentage for the local news really becomes at that through widespread and
still less of those events are observed directly by journalists.
Hence the area of interest of local audiences-local-read public agenda not find a tune with the agenda through national circulation.
The local press has come to fill that gap in expectations that came out of the thematic agenda of the mainstream media. Thus, the interests of the local public information have been satisfied
with a suitable mold, as the size above information caused him distancing and remoteness from their immediate reality.
As a result, the local media have taken on the task of transferring the relevance of local news in their agenda to the specific company that supply the informatively. Thus, through the daily
practice of structuring the local reality, the media influence the agenda of interest of your readers-listeners-viewers.
This raises a new thematic agenda in line with a new medium, the local. It remakes the scale of values depending on the immediate environment, and then comes the most important impact of all
the media's ability to structure and organize our own world through daily practice of structuring the local reality, the media influence the agenda of interest to your
readers-listeners-viewers. This raises a new thematic agenda in line with a new medium, the local, which was rebuilt in the scale of values depending on the immediate environment of people,
what touches them directly.
The public agenda - which focuses public attention - can be examined in public opinion polls over the question widely used by Gallup:
What is the most important problem facing this country today?
The public response to this question produced significant evidence of agenda-setting role of the media, as almost always agree with what the media have been published during the weeks when
these surveys are done.
Consequences of an agenda mismanaged in the first level
Due to the impact of the media agenda in shaping public opinion, it is imperative that the media include a lot of information on various topics to not be any negative consequences even society
Partial understanding of social reality:
The media published only a part of reality, which the public ignores other relevant fields. Eg: countries where the media focus on national information, generate ethnocentrism, or when ignored
information about women, the environment or about minorities, can create ignorance and indifference.
Disinformation from the audience by hiding what is really important:
Journalists can invent today - other than invent the news - This is done by taking the limelight information or characters that should not take precedence in the media and dismissing, by
contrast, true today.
The Second Level of Agenda Setting
There are two levels within the agenda setting, corresponding to two well-developed research stages.
The first level focuses on the themes: Their hypothesis is that the media tell us what to think
The second level investigates aspects or attributes which emphasize the journalists to report the facts: his hypothesis is that the media tell us what to think
Weaver, Graber, McCombs and Eyal, operationalized the agenda at a second level, that of the cognitive and emotional problems. In the same way that issues relevance may vary, also on an item
attributes be ranked with one another.
The media not only channeled public attention and political issues to "roughly", but to the detailed aspects with which these issues are reconstructed.
The selection of events that capture the attention as the selection of attributes to consider these facts, play powerful roles in the construction of the public agenda. The media do protrude
about issues and facts about each other and each fact also note certain aspects, people, approaches, views.
In the first level of the agenda, the unit of analysis of the studies was a fact, a public issue. However, beyond the agenda items, there is another aspect to consider. Each of these objects
has many attributes, those characteristics and properties that make up the act or object. It only tells us which facts are important but what aspects are important in each event.
The emergence of the concept of second-level agenda, despite the end of the decade of the 70 steps were taken to this theory, the explanation of the idea of a second level of agenda does not
appear until recent years (McCombs , 1994; McCombs and Evatt, 1995; McCombs and Bell, 1996; McCombs and Estrada, 1997).
The question McCombs, Shaw, Evats and other researchers began to take was:
What extent our view of an event or a person under the influence of approach or frame of reference that we provide the media?
The first indication that there might be a second level of agenda setting was evident in an investigation into the U.S. presidential election in 1976. There, Becker and McCombs (1978) found a
significant correspondence between the agenda of attributes of the candidates noted Newsweek and agenda of attributes in the descriptions that made New York Democrats on the contenders in the
But only towards the end of the decade of the 90s, researchers began to look closely at the agenda of attributes and seriously raise the idea of a second level of agenda setting.
Perhaps one of the research work that marked the beginning of this new level of theory was the work on the Agenda of Attributes in the 1996 Spanish elections. The central proposition of this
paper is that the media influenced the image people had of each of the presidential candidates.
The three candidates for these elections were
Felipe González, who was president at the time and was the candidate of the Spanish Socialist Party (PSOE)
Jose Maria Aznar, who won election as the candidate of the Partido Popular (PP)
Julio Anguita, the candidate of the United Left (IU)
In this election the substance of the images of the candidates were analyzed in five categories:
performance rating in previous positions
integrity, which was based on explicit statements that a candidate was "corrupt" or "corrupt"
The basic hypothesis was that the agenda of attributes that have the media influences the perception people have of the candidates.
To check, doctoral students in the communications program at the University of Navarra, conducted a telephone survey of 363 residents of the city of Pamplona (Spain).
First, we compared the agenda of attributes of each media outlet with the agenda of the primary audience for that medium. The primary audience for each media was identified by responses to two
questions in the review that asked voters which Pamplona newspaper which read regularly and TV news program watched.
Second, we compared the media agenda and the agenda of its primary audience, with the agenda of attributes of the main competitor of that medium.
We found that the correlation between the agenda of the media and the public of the medium was much higher than that of the competitor and it became apparent very high correlation between what
people said about the candidates and what each of said media were reported by them.
Statistical tests indicated a high degree of correspondence between the agendas of attributes from seven different media and the agenda of attributes identified by the voters with respect to
each of the three candidates.
It follows then that the prominent elements in the image of the world that indicate the media influence the prominence of those elements in the image of the world that forms the audience.
Studies such as these, applied to various themes and subjects have been conducted around the world (they have identified more than 300) and are based on the hypothesis that the degree of
emphasis placed on certain issues in the news influences the priority given these issues by the public (Dearing and Rogers, 1996; McCombs and Bell, 1996).
On the second level of the agenda to the Theory of frames (framing): The development of research on the second level of agenda found support for a wide variety of communication concepts and
The explanation of the second level of agenda put the first links to major contemporary concepts: news or news frames frames.
The frames are defined as "the central idea on which is based the journalist for the news organization," and suggest a particular view of the fact through the selection of elements that stand
out or stress, but setting them in a frame specific clothes throughout.
The chief exponent of the theory of frames (1993) is Robert Entman, who notes that when the reporter framed the events, select some aspects of a perceived reality and make them stand out in the
text constructs, thereby promoting a definition this particular event or problem, a causal interpretation, moral evaluation and / or a possible solution, which start from the approach of the
The difference between the two theories, the second level of the news agenda and frames, is in the nature of the agenda of attributes.
In the second level of the agenda, the outstanding attributes define the focus of the message, while in the frame theory, highlighting attributes can appear in all parts of sentences and
paragraphs of the story. The framing of the text to a particular approach is more subtle.
Operationally, it is possible to say that the focus of information, which has highlighted the journalist as the most important fact in the news and that correspond to the lead, is the second
level of agenda setting. Meanwhile, the approach that journalist has given the fact the frame in which it was framed, is evident throughout the story, in the different attributes that the
journalist has excelled in each of the paragraphs of text.
Research on the subject has revealed that approaches also influence public opinion.
Dangers of poor management of the second level of agenda setting
Creating prejudices in society:
Highlighting some attributes of events and people, the media shape our perception of those events or people, positively or negatively. When a stock or fact highlights only negative is
repulsion, fear, disgust at that reality. For example, the reinserted, displaced Colombians in the eyes of the world. When only emphasizes the positive, you can create a deification of the
character, which does not correspond to reality.
Handling of society:
When the journalist is not investigated and the stenographic record of what one source says, without contrast information, may be being manipulated to highlight the fact that some attributes to
the source concerned agree. For example, the news about the mismanagement of the ambassador in Brazil, not consulted involved. In the end, the image of the world that is given to people is just
what they want interested sources. That eventually leads to outcomes that should not be.
Impacts of Agenda Setting on two levels
What is not in the agenda of the media does not exist.
Aspects in selecting and placing your attention the media affect the public perception about these matters.
Determine how an issue is framed-establish basic rules for deliberation - can significantly affect the final outcome.
The major role of agenda setting for the media: identifying the most important issues of the day and the full agenda of attributes of these issues.
That means more research, but also better informed.
http://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/sociopolitica/sociopol_mediacontrol32.htm # Theory Agenda-Setting
Not all items of news should be published.
Rather, there are those who control communication policies endeavor to make every item of news serve a purpose.
Paul Joseph Goebbels
Nazi propaganda minister
I hope we can understand that 7 D is not a day for the kichnerismo, which seek to have blood and fire to himself, this date.